The health disadvantages of Indigenous peoples around the world have their roots in colonisation and discrimination and are related to a loss of autonomy over lands and culture. This history has profoundly affected social determinants of health, such as poverty and marginalisation, and contributed to higher rates of communicable and non-communicable diseases in Indigenous people, and life expectancies that are typically 5 years or more lower than in non-Indigenous populations. Despite persistent health inequities, Indigenous peoples are determining the path to healing their communities.
The Lancet. Vol 390 November 4, 2017.Walker, J. Lovett, R. Jones, C. Henry, D. Kukutai, T. (2017).